What Is Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder which affects the nervous system. Parkinson’s symptoms become worse over time.

Other movement disorders apart from Parkinson’s Disease are cerebral palsy, ataxia, and Tourette syndrome. 

These all happen when a change in the nervous system alters a person’s ability to move or stay still.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) found that, in the U.S alone, around 50,000 people receive a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease each year, and around half a million people are living with the condition. So you see it is not a shy isolated condition by any means.

Signs and Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

 These are the signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s that appear at the very early stage. 

Tremor:

There may be a tremor in the hands.

Sense of coordination:

A reduced sense of coordination and balance can cause people to drop items they are holding. They may be more likely to fall.

Gait:

The person’s posture may change, so that they lean forward slightly, as if they were hurrying. They may also develop a shuffling gait.

Facial expression:

This can become fixed, due to changes in the nerves that control facial muscles.

Voice:

There may be a tremor in the voice, or the person may speak more softly than before.

Handwriting:

This may become more cramped and smaller.

Sense of smell:

A loss of sense of smell can be an early sign.

Sleep problems:

These are a feature of Parkinson’s, and they may be an early sign. 

Other common symptoms are:

mood changes, including depression, difficulty chewing and swallowing problems with urination, constipation, skin problems and sleep problems.

Culled from Medical News Today


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